Painful Bump on the Inside of the Big Toe - Bunion Deformity

A bunion is often seen as a bump on the side of the big toe that can be very painful. This bump is caused by a shift in the alignment of the bone at the base of the big toe.

Bunions begin with the gradual leaning of the big toe, which over time will produce the characteristic bump.


  • Pain and soreness
  • Inflammation and redness
  • A burning sensation
  • Possible numbness

Non-Surgical, Reducing Symptoms, Treatment Options

  • Changes in shoes – It is very important to wear the right kind of shoes like ones that have are wide and have room near the toes. Avoid pointed toe shoes or high heels, which may worsen the condition.
  • Padding – Pads placed over the bunion can help to decrease pain. These pads can be purchased from your surgeon or from a drug store.
  • Changes in activities – Avoid participating in activities that cause pain, including standing for long periods of time.
  • Medications – Certain drugs such as ibuprofen may be able to help reduce inflammation.
  • Icing – Applying an ice-pack to the bunion throughout the day can help to reduce inflammation.
  • Injections – Injections of corticosteroids can sometimes be used to treat bunions.
  • Orthotics – Custom orthotic shoe inserts may also help to treat bunions.

Surgical Treatment Options

  • Corrective surgery can be done in cases where normal, non-surgical treatment is ineffective.