An ankle sprain is an injury to one or more of the ligaments in the ankle. They usually occur on the outside of the ankle. Ligaments are bands of tissue that connect bones and bind joints together, and these ligaments provide stability for your ankle.
Ankle sprains can have different degrees of severity depending on whether the ligament is stretched, partially torn, or completely torn, as well as the number of ligaments involved.
- Pain or soreness around the ankle
- Stiffness when trying to move the ankle
- Difficulty walking
Sprained ankles are usually caused by a sudden twisting, a fall, or an impact that moves the ankle out of its normal position. Sprains usually occur when participating in sports, wearing inappropriate shoes, or walking or running on an uneven surface
Nonsurgical Treatment Options
- Immobilization – You may receive a boot, a walking brace, or a short-leg cast to keep your ankle stable and prevent damaging movements, depending on the severity of the sprain.
- Early Physical Therapy – A rehabilitation program can be prescribed by your doctor as early as possible to help increase your range of motion and to promote healing.
- Medications – Drugs such as ibuprofen can be used to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Icing – Icing your ankle sprain several times a day can help ease pain and swelling.
- Compression Wraps – Wrapping your ankle may be necessary in order to prevent further swelling.