For example, fairly common diseases of the foot are toe deformities. These ailments are often caused by a muscle imbalance in the foot. This can be caused by several factors such as flatfeet, a traumatic injury, or disease of the toe joints.
Because the ailment of flat feet means that the foot is longer than that of a foot with a normal arch, the flexor muscles become overpowering. The toes are generally not strong enough to resist this tension, which results in one of two deformities:
- Claw toe. This happens when the middle bone is pulled downward causing the proximal and middle phalanges to buckle upward.
- Hammertoe. When the proximal phalanx causes the outer two joints of the toe to bend downward, you have a condition called hammertoe.
This diagnosis is best treated in the initial stages to avoid advanced development that may not be fixed with surgery.